The belt ranking system allows for a short term goal oriented process. This allows the student to gauge their progress in levels that they can recognize and be recognized for. The ranks start as "Kyu" ranks below Black belt (Mudansha). White belt through Brown belt starts at 10th Kyu (white Belt) and goes down to 1st Kyu (first Brown). Black Belt ranks (Yudansha) go from 1st Dan to 10th Dan.